The objective of the agreement is to reduce The Climate Warming under Article 2 by implementing the UNFCCC by: 7 David Roberts, The Conceptual Breakthrough Behind the Paris Climate Treaty, VOX (December 15, 2015), on www.vox.com/2015/12/15/10172238/paris-climate-treaty-conceptual-breakthrough. This article proposes an innovative approach that complements existing research on how to ensure equity in international climate policy through the NDCs. Existing research includes the bottom-up approach of Winkler et al. (2018) which examines countries` justifications for equity in CNs. They show that countries have presented a large number of unsubstantiated indicators and approaches. In contrast, the top-down approach of Du Pont et al. (2017), Brown et al. (2018), Zimm and Nakicenovic (2019) and Climate Action Tracker (n.d.) compare NDC`s ambitions with overall emission reduction targets under different assumptions. Such assessments make normative assessments of restricted emission allowances (Kartha et al., 2018), particularly in the absence of an operational definition of CBDR-RC under the UNFCCC.
By examining consistency with the subtle differentiation of the Paris Agreement, we try to offer an informed approach to how to ensure fairness by the NDCs, avoiding normative judgments on what constitutes a “fair” contribution. 55 The fact that the title of “Paris Implementation Agreement” was proposed and apparently rejected by the ADP underlines Annalisa Savaresi`s argument that the Paris Agreement can be considered an implementation agreement. Annalisa Savaresi, The Paris Agreement – A Joiner, EJIL:TALK! (February 16, 2016), on www.ejiltalk.org/the-paris-agreement-a-rejoinder/. Check out all the quotes from Google Scholar for this article. Although the United States and Turkey are not parties to the agreement, as they have not indicated their intention to withdraw from the 1992 UNFCCC, they will continue to be required, as an “Annex 1” country under the UNFCCC, to end national communications and establish an annual inventory of greenhouse gases.  Countries are also working to reach “the global peak in greenhouse gas emissions” as soon as possible. The agreement has been described as an incentive and engine for the sale of fossil fuels.   51 Z.B. Anne-Marie Slaughter, The Paris Approach to Global Governance, Project Syndicate (Dec.